Information technology (IT) in education is currently a necessary condition for the transition of society to information civilization. Modern technologies and telecommunications make it possible to change the nature of the organization of the educational process, completely immerse the student in the information and educational environment, improve the quality of education, motivate the processes of perception of information and knowledge.
New information technologies create an environment of computer and telecommunication support for organization and management in various fields of activity, including education. The integration of information technology in educational programs is carried out at all levels: school, university and postgraduate education.
Improvement in the Educational Process:
Continuous improvement of the educational process along with the development and restructuring of society, with the creation of a unified system of continuing education, is a characteristic feature of education in Russia.
Improving the Efficiency of The Educational Process:
The school reform in the country is aimed at bringing the content of education in line with the current level of scientific knowledge, increasing the effectiveness of all educational work and preparing students for activities in the context of the transition to the information society. Therefore, information technology is becoming an integral component of the content of training, a means of optimizing and improving the efficiency of the educational process, and also contribute to the implementation of many principles of developing learning.
Perspectives in Educational Process of the School:
The main areas of application of IT in the educational process of the school are:
development of pedagogical software for various purposes;
development of educational websites;
development of methodological and didactic materials;
management of real objects (training bots);
organization and conduct of computer experiments with virtual models;
implementation of a targeted search for information of various forms in global and local networks, its collection, accumulation, storage, processing and transmission;
processing of experimental results;
organization of intellectual leisure of students.
Integrated Lessons Using Multimedia:
The most widely used are currently integrated lessons using multimedia tools. Training presentations are becoming an integral part of learning, but this is just the simplest example of applying IT.
Pedagogical Software Tools:
Recently, teachers have created and implemented author’s pedagogical software that reflects a certain subject area, the technology for its study is implemented to one degree or another, and the conditions for the implementation of various types of educational activities are provided. The typology of pedagogical software tools used in education is very diverse: educational; simulators; diagnosing; controlling; modeling; gaming.
Higher Computer Education:
In the educational process of a higher educational institution, the study of IT provides for the solution of tasks of several levels:
The use of information technology as an instrument of education, knowledge that is carried out in the course “Computer Science”;
Information technology in professional activities, to which the general professional discipline “Information Technology” is directed, considering their theory, components, and methodology;
Training in applied information technologies focused on a specialty, intended for the organization and management of specific professional activities, which is studied in the disciplines of specializations.
For example, the discipline “Information Technologies in Economics” and its synonymous “Information Technologies in Management” is included in the educational program for training students of economic specialties.
Electronic Versions For Computer:
Methodological materials for these disciplines are numerously presented in print, in electronic versions, accompanied by various applications and application programs. It is quite difficult to understand such an abundance of the proposed material yourself. If we take, for example, only the fact how many sources are offered on the Internet: a list of recommended literature, interactive manuals and online textbooks, essays, etc.
Teacher Should be Helpful For the Development of the Students:
Only a qualified specialist teacher can help to understand the current situation and help in the development of educational material: he not only organizes independent work of students (essays, testing, control and term papers), but in the conditions of time limits for studying the discipline he can choose the most important aspects for studying.
Development in Postgraduate Education:
Postgraduate education is also focused on the introduction of IT: the curricula of graduate students and applicants for many scientific areas include disciplines related to the study and implementation of information technology in scientific and professional activities. At the Oryol State Institute of Arts and Culture, graduate students and applicants of all specialties are studying the discipline “Information Technologies in Science and Education” already in the first year of graduate school.